2017 Personality 09 Freud and the Dynamic Unconscious

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Video Creator’s Channel Jordan B Peterson

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So On To Sigmund Freud Were Going To Give

him somewhat short shrift. I’m afraid because we only have an hour to talk about Freud, but that’s okay We could get a fair way through it. He’s still persona non grata, I would say among experimental psychologists and probably clinical psychologists as well. But that seems to me to be very unfair. Freud Freud is one of those thinkers who All that’s left are his mistakes and the reason for that is that everything that he Discovered or put forward is so entrenched in our culture.

Now That We Think Its Self–Evident

and so everything correct has been assimilated and that just leaves everything that’s more or less floating on top to look wrong and But. Freud is also one of those thinkers who was always wrong in an interesting way and that’s very useful. And. So I also think that many of the things that he put his finger on that are of still disputed. For example,, the idea of the Oedipus complex are much more useful than people are willing to admit, especially in the clinical realm because the eatable complex, which we’ll talk about quite a bit is actually a description of a fairly stable form of familial psychopathology where child gets trapped within the confines of a family because the relationship with one parent or the other or both is so tight that they can’t break beyond it and maybe because of their own inability to move towards independence, but more frequently because of What you might describe as a kind of conspiracy between the son and and the parent or the child and the parent that prevents them from moving towards Autonomous life and keeps them in a state of essentially a state.

Of Childhood Dependence.

Freud said I started my professional activity as a neurologist trying to bring relief to my neurotic patients under the influence of an older friend And by my own efforts. , I discovered some important new facts about the unconscious and psychic life. The role of instinctual urges and so on out of these findings grew a new science psychoanalysis A part of psychology and a new treatment for the neurosis. .

I Had To Pay Heavily For This

bit of good luck. People did not believe in my facts and thought my theories unsavory Resistance was strong and unrelenting. In the end I succeeded in inquiring pupils and building it up in international psychoanalytic Association. But. The struggle is not over he made that recording just shortly before he died.

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He moved to to England to escape the Nazis Before Freud I guess The mind was It’s complicated. Because Freud of course was not the only person to be thinking along the lines that he thought Pierre Jennae, who was one of his teachers had originated and started to develop many of the ideas that I would say were popularized by Freud, but The idea of the unconscious mind was not Certainly not as well developed prior to Freud as it became afterwards and Before that I suppose You might say that insofar as people thought of the mind at all. They thought of in philosophical terms and the mind would be that part of you. That’s that you’re aware of like in the dark in The Cartesian sense.

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Descartes Said I Think Therefore I Am And

it kind of seems in some sense. Self-evident that you’re aware of and have control over the contents of your own mind But that was what Freud really questioned and he. It deeply said well first of all the idea that you’re one thing like one mind is a dubious idea to begin with because People are full of internal contradictions. . And then the idea that your mind is all of one type it’s it’s all of one form was also very questionable as far as Freud was concerned because you could be fractionated into subcomponents and You know the idea for example, that your anger or your sexual desire could be an autonomous part of your personality.

In Some Sense It Could Overtake You

and control you. That’s really a Freudian idea and one of the classic Freudian ideas really is that people are made out of sub personalities and Those sub personalities are alive. And that’s one of the things I really like about the psychoanalytic thinkers because even the Psychologists who say over the last thirty years are. They’re about Since maybe longer now anyways, since the demise of behaviorism as an ideology and the admission by psychologists that there were There is an active unconscious or many active unconscious, which is a better way of thinking about it. Psychologists still really haven’t come to terms with the idea in any deep sense that these unconscious Processes are living things, you know there.

When Psychologists Talk For Example About The Cognitive

unconscious. They’re talking about something that that they describe it more machine-like with more machine like metaphors and that’s not reasonable you you understand things a lot better if you understand that the sub components that make up people, the fragmentary bits of them and also the biological subsystems that that are part and parcel of your being are Much more intelligently viewed as personalities. There there are kind of uni dimensional personalities in some sense. So. For example,, if you’re angry you’re nothing, but angry? I mean That’s an overstatement obviously or if you’re afraid you’re nothing but afraid Or if you’re hungry you’re nothing but hunger well.

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Thats Certainly True If You Get

hungry enough or thirsty Or too hot or any of those things you you kind of collapsed to a simpler personality.. That only has one Motivation in mind and we’ll talk a lot as we progress about the grounding of those uni-dimensional Motivational systems in biology, but I’d have to say that Freud was among the first at least the first to Synthesize a coherent theory of this multiplicity and to put it forth while also insisting that much of what was happening to you and inside of you was not immediately accessible. To your awareness and it’s a very profound. IT’s a very profound discovery.

It Means Among Any Among Many Other Things

that you can formulate ideas First of all, It means that you can act out things That you don’t understand for reasons that you don’t understand it also means that Your memory can contain things that’s represented in one way, but that can’t be understood in another SO. For example,, and we know this is true because there are independent memory systems. There’s an independent memory system for procedures. That’s for actions. There’s an independent memory system for what you might describe as imagination for for the memory that uses images and then there’s a another system that articulates knowledge that’s the semantic memory system and it’s not obvious at all that the contents of all of those are equivalent and that’s why.

For Example, You Can Dream Things That You

don’t know because one of the things you might think is that. Your dreams watch you act and they Watch other people act and then they make a little drama out of that and that drama has information in it. But you don’t necessarily know what that information is in that you can’t describe it consciously Right. IT’s it’s akin to the UK Chetty an idea. That Kids can play a game and you can take them away from the game and then they won’t know how to describe the rules even though they can play the Game and so dreams can contain information.

Thats Full Of The Encoding Of

behavior that has information in it that you’re not consciously aware of and so then you can become consciously aware of that in a kind of a revelation side Maybe that’s what you do when you become aware of the meaning of a dream or the meaning of a fantasy or something. Like that and That’s all all our ability to think that way in some ways can be traced back to Freud Now Freud concentrated mostly I would say at least in terms of pathology on sexual and aggressive Impulses and I I don’t think that there’s any mystery for modern people about why aggressive impulses might be particularly difficult to integrate into the personality, and might remain underdeveloped or will say repressed. Although those aren’t the same thing and I think in order to you might think that in different times in society Some things are allowed to surface express themselves and other things are less allowed. And so Victorian times had a number of characteristics that made the repression of sexuality particularly likely and perhaps also the repression of aggression and we’re talking about Victorian times in in Europe, obviously and only one time in one place As Henry. or Ellen Burgess says this is a great book by the way the discovery of the unconscious.

If Youre Interested In If Youre Really

interested in psychoanalytic ideas. Freud Jung and Adler and also the history of those ideas. There’s no better book than the discovery of the unconscious. IT’s an absolutely remarkable book a great work of scholarship. I think it it goes for about 250 pages before it even gets to Freud and so it places Freud’s discoveries in their historical context.

So Thats A Really Good Thing To Know.

Allen Burgess says it was a world shaped by man for man in which women occupied the second place Political rights for women did not exist. The separation and dissimilarity of the sexes was sharper than today. Women who wore slacks their hair shorter smoked were hardly to be found and the universities admitted no female students, man’s. Authority over his children and his wife was unquestioned.

Education Was Authoritarian.

The despotic father was a common figure and was particularly conspicuous only when he became extremely cruel. Laws were more repressive delinquent youth, sternly punished and corporal punishment was considered indispensable. Now So the times themselves. I would say were harsher and more repressive, but then there was an element to sexuality that was also Extraordinarily Problematic.

I Mean The First Thing You

might notice might consider and people generally Don’t it’s almost impossible to overstate how revolutionary the birth control Pill actually is You know people like to think that the political rights that women have attained have been a consequence of a political struggle. But I Don’t buy that for a second. I Don’t think that’s true even in the least I think that what happened was that we underwent a biological revolution in the 1950s. late 1950s with the emergence of the birth control pill and that for the first time in human history gave women Pretty reliable control over the reproductive function, not really transformed them into entirely different biological beings in many many ways like here’s an example, a subtle example, so, you know if you track women through their Ovulation cycle and you show them a picture of a man same man And you do nothing but vary his jaw width When they’re ovulating the guy with the wider jaw is more attractive and when they’re not Ovulating the farthest away from that the guy with the thinner jaw is more attractive and that’s associated with testosterone levels.

And So Women Who Are Fertile Like More

masculine men and basically if you’re on the pill, then you’re never in that Ovulation phase and so one thing that may have happened and I. Don’t know this for sure but it’s it’s interesting to consider is that Since women have been taking the birth control pill. Their preference for less masculine men has become more pronounced and that could easily be one of the things that’s fueling at least some of the tension that’s Existed and exists now politically.

Summary

Sigmund Freud is one of those thinkers who All that’s left are his mistakes and the reason for that is that everything that he Discovered or put forward is so entrenched in our culture . Freud said I started my professional activity as a neurologist trying to bring relief to my neurotic patients under the influence of an older friend . And by my own efforts, I discovered some important new facts about the unconscious and psychic life.& The role of instinctual urges and so on out of the . instinctual urge . But Freud was always wrong in an interesting way and that’s very useful. For example,. the idea of the Oedipus complex are much more useful than people are willing to admit, especially in the clinical realm . The eatable complex is actually a description of a fairly stable form of . familial psychopathology where child gets trapped within the confines of a . family because the relationship with one parent or the other or both is so tight that they can’t break beyond it…. Click here to read more and watch the full video