Antigua Gods City of Earthquakes


Video Creator’s Channel Lindybeige

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  • antigua
  • guatemala
  • conquistadors
  • conquistador
  • capital

Here I Am Overlooking The Old Capital Of Antigua,

it’s not actually the first capital of Guatemala. In fact, It is generally considered to be the third. The first was a capital that was used by the natives that the Conquistadors had to overcome and then the cockiest Adores made their first papal Well. From the distance there is just beyond see the big red square building where there’s an orange roof and a white horizontal stripe well. That’s where the first capital was made and it was there for about twenty years until it rained for three days.

This Was A Bit Of A Disaster Because

on the huge slopes of that massive volcano over there Looking-over looking the town That’s, known in the local languages as Hunahpú. Mudslides formed. They came crashing down the sides and they completely demolished the old capital Killing in the process. process the governess. The, wife of the Conquistador, who had been governess for just three days.

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They decided that that was too dangerously close to the mountain, so they would lay out another Capital. Here we see in the foreground. This is Antigua and it started in a little square that I can just see there in the center of town where there’s some trees that’s where the armaments museum is, and they got in an Italian architect to lay out the city on a grid pattern and This became the model for all Colonial Spanish style cities in the New world-a grid pattern-which is the opposite of what you find in Europe. In Europe You’ll see a map of Barcelona or some other town and you look for the old town.

Thatll Be A Maze Of Little Winding Streets

in the center And then. And then the grid happens later-that’s the outskirts, the modern outskirts But here the center of town is this orderly grid with these fine villas from very rich people Near the center and it’s outskirts as of the riot of winding streets. From. This high vantage point, it is clear that the biggest and most impressive buildings are all religious monasteries of various different monastic orders. Abbeys, Cathedrals Even As we admired the view, we spotted that some of the clouds were not part of God’s backdrop beyond the horizon, but were emanating from volcanoes where mortals might tread and talking of treading New horizons in danger.

I Was Standing Right Next To This Little

volcano created by fire ants and apparently they bite. Here comes the equestrian statue! Right, Statue! Right, well, let’s go down to the central square by means of a crossfade That’s where I was and now This is where I have come Yeah,. It is protected by the Blue Shield of the 1954 Hague Convention. This was the very noble and very loyal city of the Knights St. James.


James, Santiago’s and Knights of de los Caballeros So. This was Santiago‘s de los Caballeros and there is a pattern to the layout of this square That was-. It was repeated again and again throughout the New World. IT started first in Mexico City then was used in Lima and Peru.


This is the third to follow this model. You have the four different important arenas of human activity represented on the four cardinal points of the compass. So to the south you have the army barracks and That’s where they were stationed. And to the west we have the world of commerce.

Thats Where The Main Market Was The Main

Principal point of the compass. Of course is north. And that’s where government was so the government houses there You can see a bit of an old building there. That’s not the original in the corner over there The original unfortunately fell down after an earthquake and to the east we have the cathedral. Now Christian tradition demands that church is faced east So.

It Seems That Cardinal Point Of

the compass had been back seat by the church. As for why IT’s military to the south and commerce for the west. I don’t know. It could be that they were just the other two. Anyway, this was the model that they all follow.

They Had Three Volcanoes And A

lot of soldiers, so what did they put on their coat of arms. Yup Behind me is a fountain IT was designed in 1737 By Diego de Torres and he was an architect Italian architect of great renown In his time. He did several churches of the round here and Antigua was known for its fountain and fountains are very impressive. This one isn’t entirely original It was refurbished in 1949 But. It gives you quite an idea of what it looked like.

One Of The Things That Impressed People

greatly which would be Mermaids. They are supposed to be mermaids Apparently their mermaids, I don’t actually see any fishes tail. But apparently they’re mermaids and there was a vogue before putting mermaids on thing that lasted hundred years or so and What is impressive about this Well, there’s water spewing up 20 feet. into the air, but we’re on the flat plane down here So, how do you actually Before the days of electric pumps, how you actually achieve this WE have to-but I don’t actually know how it was done, but you have to build up a pressure of water to Achieve that, so it’s very impressive. If you colonize an area and build a load of fountains that can spew this precious resource Just into the air just for decorative effect.

Its Very Impressive.

It’s one way of showing everyone that you are technologically pretty advanced Now here we have the convent of Santa Catalina In fact it’s two convents. There was one on this side of the road and there’s one on this side of the road But. There But there was a problem because how could the nuns Get from this Side of the convent to that side of the convent because they were an invisible order-you’ve heard of the silent orders that Aren’t allowed To speak. Well.

These Nuns Were Not Allowed To Be Seen

in public. They tried to get the roads closed off that they could go from one side to the other, but that didn’t prove practical SO instead. This massive arch was built and within it. There is a corridor, but you’ll notice that there are no windows because they had to be Unseen by the general public, so they could get from one side of the road to the other and carry on celebrating God without being seen. This is the church of the order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy Also, known as the Mercedarians, the Order of.

Of Captives, Or The Order Of

Our Lady of Ransom Originally set up in 1203 to provide ransoms for poor Crusaders captured by the Saracens. This order as you can see still somehow managed to get extremely rich. This late 18th century style is called ultra baroque, which sounds like a 1980s pop band. You can see a giant rosary of 50 beads Which hangs at this time of year in honor of the holy month of the Virgin Mary and Rosaries. London was once the capital of the world, right.

A Lot Of People Thought That The

way to become great was to emulate London and what they got in London. They’ve got pigeons. You’ve been to Trafalgar Square. Yeah, it’s full of pigeons So obviously that’s a high status bird to have. They are of course, Unfortunately rats with wings that Poo everywhere and now because people got this silly idea into their heads.

It Was A Good Idea To Have Pigeons.

They imported them all around the world to capital cities and on behalf of the population of Britain I would just like to say I’m terribly sorry The Cathedral, from the outside, it appears to be an excellent repair-the inside tells a different story I am now in the Bishop‘s Secret Chamber. Ordinary visitors to the Cathedral Today Don’t get to come here But I’ve been let in specially. Now, one way up to this chamber is up the stairs that you can see my cameraman ascending. But there is another way in through a door, which has been blocked up and that would Connect directly to the bishops Chambers where he lived.

Now, From Here Through This.

this window, the bishop could see the fabulously opulent wall, that would have been there at the end of that most Holy of chambers here. You can see up in this wall. Lots of beam holes Even some bits of very old timbers sticking out. Some of the timbers were actually preserved and were kept for centuries stored away.

There Are Many Beam Holes, But Theyre

not for holding up a floor. They’re for holding up the tremendous weight of the silver that was here. . There were sculptures of saints and Martyrs and all the iconography that That the Catholic Church could come up with at the time and it tells us something about just how Opulent. It was that it required all those beams just to hold it up.

The Wealth Of This Place That Had

been Accrued over two centuries was quite staggering another thing. The Bishop could do was seat himself under this arch here Where he could look down and see all the people coming through the substantial doors there which blocked off hope this whole area through to the most holy chambers, or he could look down there to the gates to Parliament itself and no one would be able to see him do this because you Can see that there is beam holes in the walls here. Which is where a hefty wooden screen would have been across here. Screening him from their view.

We Can See Big Slots Cut

into the wall and ceiling showing clearly where the substantial partition wall was to keep out the riffraff This pink coloring on the plaster is not the remains of red paint. But the result of a chemical reaction of the white plaster involving water and direct sunlight. This is a very substantial door They wouldn’t just let anyone through that door because I am privileged now to be walking into What was the council-chamber if you like. The Catholic Parliament.

This Is Where The Elite Would Walk

around on these tiled floors and Debate and under this amazingly echoey roof. I imagine that if more than two people spoke loudly in this room, it’d be very difficult to hear what the dispute was But. This is where the big decisions-Should they go to war What should the taxes be. This is where all the big decisions were made because of course the church was extremely powerful and influential on this ceiling above Us We see the coat of arms of King Charles.

The First Of Castile And Aragon Who Was

a patron of this Cathedral Yeah, the money man, he paid for this and thanks. To his patronage, The Catholic Church was largely in power and debated in this room And so that I’m very privileged to be walking on on this High-status floor Although as you can see the world of banal storage has taken over and today we have piles of plastic chairs. This is going to be a little venue for concerts and the like once they’ve restored the Cathedral I’m (laugh) I love the acoustics in here Ah! Now if I were here in 1772, I would have a roof above me I’d be having to stoop slightly because this would have been a crypt in which there were some very high-status burials in prime position here We have the tomb or the remains of the tomb of a priest who was called Juan Godínez and you must.


The old capital of Antigua was laid out on a grid pattern and became the model for all Colonial Spanish style cities in the New world-a grid pattern- which is the opposite of what you find in Europe . The biggest and most impressive buildings are all religious monasteries o the town . The first capital was a capital that was used by the natives that the Conquistadors had to overcome and then the cockiest Adores made their first papal Well. It was there for about twenty years until it rained for three days. Mudslides formed. They came crashing down the sides and they completely demolished the old capital Killing the governess. The governess who had been governess for just three days had been there for just 3 days. The, wife of the . Conquistador, who had had been . The, Wife of the Conquadador, had been in charge for three years. She had been a governess of just three weeks. The…. Click here to read more and watch the full video