German Submarine Warfare in World War 1 I THE GREAT WAR Special

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to Glory. The Germans were not the initial submarine pioneers, though they were the ones during this war that made the most use of subs throughout the Atlantic Ocean, Even far from the war zone that’s what I’ll look at today. I’m Indy Neidell welcome to a great war special episode about German submarine warfare and the first World War during the Great War. The submarine came of age as the warring powers realized its value against enemy shipping and they became more effective and deadly as the war dragged on they attacked their victims while surfaced or submerged with torpedoes laid minefields shelled their enemies with deck guns or boarded them to destroy their ships with explosives. Surface attacks were usually preferable since a periscope gave an extremely limited view of above and they were slower underwater and that could cause them.

To Lose Their Prey Submarines Were Imperfect

weapons, though they were prone to breakdown and they had some of the worst possible living conditions for a sailor. One improvement that at least help with the breakdowns and gave them more speed was a two shaft drive. This gave a backup propeller and more power overall as for living conditions. Everything was small and cramped and the kerosene and gas engines used in the early parts of the war caused terrible smoke and fumes, leading to a lot of sick personnel. Hygiene could not be maintained on patrol and sickness and lice quickly spread.

The Temperatures Were Awful And And Blow

torches were even used to cook on those subs without stoves. However, Because of this closeness and the shared hardship of danger and because there was no room for men who could not be relied on the U-boats. Compliment was a uniquely tight Brotherhood. We were like a great family isolated on the wastes of the ocean. Many though died horrible deaths in their iron coffin, sometimes waiting for hours for death to come trapped on the bottom of the sea, sometimes hastening its end.

In January 1916, Though The Kaiser

laid out a comprehensive plan for the German U-boat war against the British mine layers would operate close to Britain itself. While attack subs would disrupt shipping far off at the approaches to the British Isles. The Germans were now using the subs, with some thought of specifically winning the war at sea In 1916 sinkings were up twenty-nine and the Allies began arming their merchant ships side note here only. century were the sea lanes safe enough that merchant ships cease to be armed. By February 1917.

The German Navy Had 111 Operational U-Boats, Half

the number they had predicted necessary to strangle British trade as we’ve seen in our regular episodes that spring. The Allies instituted the convoy system for their shipping to stymie the U-boats and by the summer the U-boats had been forced to widen their patrol areas to find prey. The reason for this is that convoys denuded the Seas of single ships until a convoy was a larger target who’s way more likely to slip through patrol areas since it took up a relatively smaller chunk of ocean than a bunch of single ships on different approach vectors. German orders for new and different types of U-boats were then put aside to fit the changing conditions. The smaller and easier to Build coastal U-boats were clearly favored for economy and the changing situation over the course of the war.

Then Under A Quarter Of All

German U-boats built with a larger ocean-going attack once so convoy won the day on the open seas. By 1918 hue boat attacks were much more often against coastal shipping. Also a majority of attacks were now by night because of things like aerial patrols of coastal waters. The Alta scope an angled periscope was fitted to subs in 1918 to help spot danger from above planes weren’t much good at actually sinking subs at this point, but they could force them underwater and away from merchant vessels and of course warned of their presence. By this time, the German sub program was hampered by acute shortages of supplies and skilled labor.

In August 1917 They Had All

naval yards give precedence to submarines over surface. Mechanical problems on U-boats were common and were mainly because of lack of supplies of the right parts and those suppliers had technical and labor shortages. The lack of riveters and cockers slowed production. They only had a hundred and forty-five thousand of the 185 thousand riveters needed to keep up pase and there were more and more strikes and absenteeism. By 1918 there were food shortages and the Spanish flu also seriously affected production.

Now.

The Germans never learned how to defeat a convoy in the war, but they did come dangerously close. For example. On July 19th 1918 ConvoyNK] 39 was off the west coast of Scotland. It had seven ships, including the huge White Starliner Justitia and it was protected by seven destroyers.

A Pack Of Of Four U-Boats Attacked

and the Gist Asiya was torpedoed by the lead sub and stopped dead in the waters. The Destroyers responded with depth charges, but to no avail the justiciable for the remainder of its voyage. The same U-boat attacked twice more without effect, but another U-boat joined the pack and 17 more destroyers and other defence ships joined the convoy. In spite of this, a U-boat managed to torpedo and sink the Giustizia. The Allies also had another big advantage, though U-boats exchanged signals with radio stations right the one at now on was the home link most of the time since it was the only radio with the range to transmit to NOrtH Africa or NOrth America, but relying on wireless was a weakness since the British and to a lesser extent the French had unknown to the Germans cracked their radio codes and could read.

Wireless Communications For Everything, Including Discussing Their Most

secret plans they had complete faith in their equipment. The problem was even though they recited their code keys. They continued using old ciphers at the same time as the new ones, so the British could just compare them and figure out the new ones. They also found new code changes by diving on shallow U-boat wrecks or searching the wreckage of naval Zeppelin’s so German maritime radio was pretty much public communication before focusing on coastal U-boats. The Germans had begun au cruiser program.

This Came About After All The Germans Surface

cruisers had been sunk or captured by the Allies, but Germany had a large merchant sub that was trading with the UK before the latter joined the war after it did that sub and seven other merchant subs under construction were turned into U-cruisers able to attack shipping. Africa or the east coast of North America, a remarkable feat for subs of the time. However, their mission to sink as much tonnage as possible was impossibly large for such a small fleet. By 1918. Though the main mission of the German U-boat fleet as a whole was to sink shipping in the war zone around Britain.

Its Practical Utility Was To Tie Down

Allied naval resources and force them to devote the majority of their strength to anti-submarine work. Winning the war by U-boat alone had been rendered impossible. In the end Germany built or utilised 390 U-boats in the war. 178 of these had been lost 515 officers and 4890. Four crewmen had been killed.

Despite Their Relative Weaknesses.

The submarines had proven themselves supremely seaworthy in rough weather and able to withstand crushing depths. They did not enjoy the steady stream of intelligence they would in. In general, the lack of central direction and communications made their hunting reliant upon advanced planning and luck rather than a constant feed from a secure intelligence source. In the final act of the first German U-boat war.

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After The War On Merchant Shipping Had Been

called off in October 1918, the undersea battle again became what it had been in 1914. A war focused on sinking allied warships on November 9thNK] 50 torpedoed and sank UK Britannia off Cape Trafalgar. This was the final warship lost to submarine action of the Great War. By this time the surface fleet had mutiny against high command but beneath the seas. The U-boat commanders were both defiant and deadly even in defeat we’d like to thank Paul Hodos for the research for this episode.

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Paul Also Wrote A Book About

the you Cruiser program. You can find a link in the. description now as I said in the beginning, this episode was sponsored by War to Glory, a real-time strategy UK browser game. Become the leader of the city, take care of its defense and build your own army carefully choose your own tactic and stress to be successful if you want to learn more about war to Glory, while also supporting this channel follow the link in the video description.

Summary

The submarine came of age as the warring powers realized its value against enemy shipping . Submarine warfare became more effective and deadly as war dragged on they attacked their victims while surfaced or submerged with torpedoes laid minefields shelled their enemies with deck guns or boarded them to destroy their ships with explosives . Compliment was a uniquely tight Brotherhood. Many though died horrible deaths in their iron coffin, sometimes waiting for hours for death to come trapped on the bottom of the sea, sometim . The following episode is sponsored by War to Glory. The episode is a great war special episode about German submarine warfare and the first World War during the Great War. The Germans were not the initial submarine pioneers, though they were the ones during this war that made the most use of subs throughout the Atlantic Ocean, that’s what I’ll look at today. They are the ones that used to use their subs. They were the most used in this war. They attacked their enemy ships in the Atlantic. The submarine…. Click here to read more and watch the full video