Hand Grenades The Belgian Army Flemish Nationalism I OUT OF THE TRENCHES


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This Episode Of Out Of The Trenches Is Sponsored

by the Great courses plus I’m, Indy Neidell and I’m sitting here in the chair of Madness to answer all your questions about the First World War Yes the chair of Madness here in my apartment and lovely Stockholm Sweden. A bunch of you have written in asking to see it again. So I thought I’d shoot one of these here and my friend Ryan is our guest cameraman today come say Hi Ryan. Hey that’s right right everybody okay. I printed out some questions and some notes for answers so here we go.

I Cant Find Original Name From Reddit Rights.

In one of the previous episodes you mentioned that the Belgian King and Commander did not want to join the major attacks at the Somme and others other battles. I guess how did the British command react knowing that. The violation of their neutrality was one of the big reasons. Britain joined the war did the Belgian Army perform some attacks on their own or was there part of the line pretty quiet thanks a lot as well you’re welcome can’t find original name from Reddit.

The Belgians Were Not Technically Allied

with the British or the French. King Albert, the first of Belgium, he preferred to use the term guarantors right so there was not very much the British or French governments could do the British and French did try to coerce the Belgian. Army to fit into their battle plans, but Albert did not budge from his belief that Belgium should fight a defensive war along the Ysera front. There were hostile campaign campaigns in the British and French press towards Belgian inactivity, but these were also ineffective and it would have if you think about it. completely defeated the point of protecting Belgian independence guaranteeing Belgian neutrality.

If The British Had Forced The

Belgians to bend to their will so for propaganda purposes their hands were completely tied. In addition to this, the Belgian Army was not really in a position to launch a major advance against the Germans since they’d been really badly hurt in 1914 when they were invaded rebuilding that army was well impossible as well since most of Belgium was in German hands. Now the UK front itself had remained a quiet sector for the majority of the war. Since the Belgians couldn’t really attack the Germans and the Germans had nothing to gain tactically from attacking the Belgians there. It was only after the failure of the German Spring affair in 1918 Sorry Spoiler that the Belgian King Albert decided to attack alongside the British and French and the Americans on.

September 28 1918 At Uk 12 Belgian Divisions,

10 British and 6 French attacked the Germans and took 6 miles of territory. The Belgians Dint attack later on the 14th of October at what would become known as the Battle of Court Ray. Around 40 miles of territory was gained in five days and it became pretty clear Germany had lost the war. Quintin Martin’s on Facebook writes, Hi Andy hi Quintin Martens can you give us more information about the tensions between Flemish and Valen soldiers in the Belgian Army I’ve read a lot of stories about how you could only become an officer if you spoke French and about how many Flemish soldiers died because they couldn’t understand the French orders keep up the good work I like it when people end with things like that it is true to say that tension did exist between Flemish and vol soldiers Yes French was the language of all Belgian administration. It didn’t matter if it was governmental educational or or in the military.

In Fact, The German Army Saw

an opportunity to exploit this tension to their advantage. They categorized Flemish citizens. as oppressed people in order to divide and weaken Belgium, and they set out to guarantee all of the unenforced rights of the Flemish in the Belgian Constitution. This was supported by a small group of hardline Flemish activists who wished to collaborate with the Germans to promote their own goals. The Germans first split all ministries into Flemish and following sections and then in early 1917 founded the first Flemish University at Ghent.

The Flemish Activists Themselves They Even Tried To

set up an autonomous Flemish government until that was stopped by the Germans a much greater number of the Flemish, though remained loyal to Belgium and many fought in the Belgian Army. Many volumes however, felt betrayed by the Flemish who were seeking more autonomy and representation in Belgium life at a time when Belgian unity was more important than ever Ram Tank from Reddit writes, while the utility of hand grenades and mortars seems obvious to us what exactly was the thought process in taking ideas that had been considered largely or entirely obsolete for at least a hundred years and reintroducing them, especially in a military culture that seems so rigid and resistant to change. You have to remember that the turn of the 20th century was a time of great invention and scientific marvels and not all of these were met with disregard by the generals. Even Kaiser Wilhelm himself, he saw the potential of the new machines in combat, especially after his personal ride on one of the new U-boats. He helped convince his generals that they could.

Used For Attacking Rather Than Only Defense

as the British had plan Grenades themselves were actually viewed in a positive light by military commanders. Very early on they were seen as a possible solution to break the stalemate, particularly on the Western Front, especially since they were effective at clearing out enemy trenches and dugouts. The British organized bomb squads, which were made up of around nine men or exactly nine men. They consisted of two grenade throwers, two grenade carriers, two bayonet men and two soldiers in reserve, and they were led by a noncommissioned officer. Other countries had similar if not identical squads and the troops picked for these roles were usually recommended for their bravery and their capability.

They Were Armed With Pistols And

bayonets for close-quarter fighting. There was a lot of progress in the design of grenades during the First World War like the invention. the Mills bomb in 1915 by British industrialist William Mills. Now it was famously shaped like a pineapple in order to offer the soldier a better grip on the weapon to throw it the German steel Hankerin Opta was primarily used to blow troops off their feet not to kill them right, but you could throw it further because it had the long handle on the bomb itself and it was this unusual design that resulted in the British nicknaming them potato mashers.

Different Versions Are Made, Including One

which could be fired from the barrel of a rifle mortars were seriously important in the Great War for destroying and concrete emplacements. Shells were required to fall from an extreme angle in order to have any hope of destroying say concrete pillboxes rather than just ricocheting off the mortar shells. Steep angle of descent was also perfect for landing in. An enemy trench now? As I said at the beginning of this episode.

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This Episode Of Out Of The Trenches

was sponsored by the Great Courses Plus Now. This is a video learning service that features lectures by professors from top universities around the world, as well as experts from places like the Smithsonian or National Geographic and for 1499 in dollars. You can get access to all 7000 video courses and you can learn something about pretty much any topic now that last question I answered. Reminded me reminded us of one of the lectures we actually watched because a lot of ideas about modern war seemed very obvious to us nowadays, but these things had to be learned many times.

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The Hard Way Which Is Through

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Indy Neidell sits in the chair of Madness to answer all your questions about the First World War . The Belgian King and Commander did not want to join the major attacks at the Somme and others other battles . The violation of their neutrality was one of the big reasons. The Belgians were not technically allied with the British or the French. The Belgian Army was not really in a position to launch a major advance against the Germans. It would have if you think about it. If the British had forced the Belgians to bend to their will so for propaganda purposes their hands were completely tied. The British and French press were also ineffective and it would have defeated the point of protecting Belgian independence guaranteeing Belgian neutrality. The Belgium Army was in addition to this, the Belgian Army did not really be in a . position to . launch a big advance against . the . Germans. The BBC’s “Out of the Trenches” is sponsored by the Great Cour Cour Courses and “The Great Courses…. Click here to read more and watch the full video