Video Creator’s Channel The Great War
Since, The Beginning Of The War, The
two most powerful navies in the world had failed to decisively engage, the British Navy instead blockading the Germans to deprive them of supplies, the Germans harassing international shipping with U-boats, but that changes this week when mighty ships clash. 100 years ago. This week was the Battle of Jutland. I m Indy Neidell; welcome to the Great War.
Last Week At Verdun, The French Tried
and failed to retake Fort Douaumont, even though they had managed to achieve air superiority there and the UK Imperial Army continued its advance in Italy in the Trentino Offensive. I ll look there first today, as that offensive continued this week. Now, within two weeks of the initial attack Italian Army Chief of Staff Luigi Cadorna had managed to get a new army of 180,000 men to the Trentino and the Italian Fifth Army would guard the valley. hopefully to prevent the Austrians from spilling out onto the plains of Veneto,, but this week the Austrians took Arsiero, just a few kilometers from the plains.
Asiago Soon Fell As Well, And Cadorna
exploded heads in the government by saying that if enemy pressure continued, he would order a full-scale retreat almost to Venice.. 30,000 Italian prisoners had been taken so far. The Week also saw some action on the Western Front. The endless meat Grinder at Verdun was still in full force, but further north at Ypres, the Battle of Mont Sorrel-in older sources sometimes even called the Third Battle of Ypres-began on June 2nd and saw two German attacks that penetrated the British lines 700m on a 3km front.
The road to Ypres was now open and undefended. The real news this week, though, was at sea. Both. The British and German fleets were by.
Time Becoming More Aggressive.
Commander of the British Fleet Sir John Jellicoe wanted to trap the German High Seas Fleet and his opposite number Reinhard Scheer was trying to force a mistake. . Scheer sent his fleet into the Skagerrak to attack any British light forces and shipping there, but the 16 German battleships and 6 pre-dreadnoughts, 5 battlecruisers, 11 light cruisers, and 63 destroyers also wanted to come into contact with the British Grand Fleet, hoping to break it, and the naval blockade of Germany. However, aided by the intelligence operatives of Room 40, who decoded German wireless signals, Jellicoe was forewarned and sent out his fleet, but the British were, in fact, heading into a trap.
There Was Nearly A Score Of
U-boats waiting for them.. But Scheer would be disappointed since the ocean is Big and the Grand Fleet, 28 British battleships, 9 battle cruisers, 34 light and armored cruisers, and 78 destroyers, passed them unobserved. The Battle of Jutland would bring four leading admirals skills into play-Scheer and Franz Hipper for the Germans, Jellicoe and Sir David Beatty for the British.
The Enemies Made Contact When Both Sides
went to check out a merchant ship that happened to be sailing right between the fleets. Firing between cruisers kicked off at UK May 31st, 1916, and the Battle of Jutland had begun. Hipper and his battle cruisers headed south, trying to draw Beatty in to Scheer s main fleet, still unseen. Beatty followed, aboard his flagship, the Lion.
Fire Opened Between Them Atnk] The Lion
was hit and burst into flames, and wouldve sunk if the magazine hadn t flooded and put out the fire. The. Fire.
The British Indefatigable Was Hit By Two
11-inch shells from the German Von der Tann that blew up the whole ship and killed all except two of the ships 1,019 sailors. Then The Queen Mary was hit and blew to pieces. 1,266 men were killed. .
Beatty Seemed Unmoved, And Here
s the reaction of his flag captain, Alfred Chatfeld UK UK was standing beside Sir David Beatty and we both turned around in time to see the unpleasant spectacle. . The thought of my friends in her flashed through my mind; I thought also how lucky we had evidently been in the Lion. Beatty turned to me and said,
There Seems To Be Something Wrong With Our
bloody ships today! A remark that needed neither comment nor answer. There ##NK] something wrong! What was wrong was that the British Battlecruiser armor was not thick enough to handle the German shells, and once a shell had penetrated the hull, inadequate anti–flash precautions meant that a flash could rip straight down to the magazine, with terrifying results. No ship on earth could survive explosions like that. Soon Hipper had led Beatty almost into Scheer
S Fleet, But Beatty
s 2nd Light Cruiser squadron was scouting ahead and spotted the long line of German battleships. . Beatty actually reacted like lightning, reversing course immediately and heading back toward the Grand Fleet, and Scheer didn t realize that every minute he headed north brought him closer to Jellicoe and his massed ships.
However,, sent Jellicoe no useful reports about Scheer s whereabouts, and soon Jellicoe s starboard column was upon the Germans. The 1st Cruiser Squadron under Rear Admiral Sir Robert Arbuthnot aboard the Defence came under heavy.
In A Few Seconds, The Defence
was sent to the bottom of the sea. Soon, though, Jellicoe s battlecruisers were showering shells upon Hipper s, and because of the light and the mist, the Germans couldn t see them to fire back, but just for a few moments the mist cleared, and the Germans rained fire on the Invincible.
The British Naval Maxim That
speed would be our armor was put to the test and found wanting when the Invincible exploded at UK only six men survived out of 1,032. But Jellicoe s dreadnought battleships were now in a long line blasting the exposed vanguard of the Germans fleet, causing serious damage.
- battle jutland bring leading admirals
- unobserved battle jutland bring
- initial attack italian army chief
- army continued advance italy trentino
- week battle jutland indy neidell
Scheer ordered a turn movement to starboard that the Germans had practiced, where the rear ship turns first and the successive ships up the line follow suit, and the Germans soon disappeared from sight. . Jellicoe did not follow. He changed course and put himself between the German fleet and its base at Wilhelmshaven, and when Scheer turned his ships again, they were again headed directly for the British, and they came under heavy fire.
He turned his battleships away and ordered his battlecruisers to cover the retreat. They took terrible damage; the kind. No British battlecruiser could ve withstood,, but the Germans had better armor and were better subdivided below into watertight compartments.
The Germans got away, but the Grand Fleet was still between the High Seas Fleet and its port, and when darkness fell, the question was, could Scheer evade the British by night and return home Since. Several of his battlecruisers were near to sinking,. Scheer took the shortest route, via Horns Reef, but Jellicoe didn t know this and based on his last reports received he thought the Northern Friesian coast route was the likely German one.
So Jellicoe Headed There, With His
destroyer flotillas following five miles behind to cover the Horns Reef Channel. SO. Jellicoe s destroyers crashed into the German Fleet, but the British,. Unlike the Germans, did not have properly shuttered searchlights, no star shells, and pretty much no nighttime identification signals, so they were really wary of firing on the black shapes heading toward them in the darkness in case they were their own ships.
Oh, And Nobody Told Jellicoe, With
his mighty dreadnoughts five miles ahead, what was happening.. The British did manage to destroy the pre-dreadnought Pommern, killing her crew of 844, but the High Seas Fleet swept past the British in the night. The battered and bruised German battlecruisers, some even incapable of attack, limped through the British columns, and were sighted several times,, but none of dreadnoughts opened fire on the incredulous Germans. The Grand Fleet sailed on, preparing.
A New Battle At Dawn That
would not happen. Scheer reached Wilhelmshaven in the early afternoon. The Germans lost one battlecruiser, one pre-dreadnought, four light cruisers, and five destroyers, the British lost more, three battle cruisers, three armored cruisers, and eight destroyers. 2,551 German lives were lost, against 6,094. British, and the Kaiser commented that UK spell of Trafalgar is broken
, But Here
s the UK the German fleet did not again seek out battle with the British fleet and Scheer wrote to the Kaiser about the battle that real victory could only be achieved by sending U-boats to sink British merchant ships. SO. The status quo would continue, which for Germany actually meant a strategic defeat. And we come to the end of another week, the Austrians on the move in Italy, the Germans blowing holes in the lines at Ypres, and a gigantic naval battle in the North Sea.
Battle was a real blow for British prestige. I m going to end today with an observation about the press and propaganda during the war, which we ve talked about before, but you can really see it in action This week, as the British Admiralty released one communiqué about the battle, and then another with a different spin, thanks to Winston Churchill, which painted things a bit Rosier.
The Upshot Of This Was Scenes Like
Vera Brittain, in her London Hospital, sayingNK] p.252), UK we celebrating a glorious naval victory or lamenting an ignominious defeat We hardly UK each fresh edition of the newspapers obscured rather than illuminated. This really quite important distinction. By this point, though, nobody really knew what was going on anymore.
If you d like to learn a bit more about wartime propaganda, click here for our special episode about it. Our Patreon supporter of the week is.
Is Todd Zaragoza.
If. You want to see this show get better and better, please consider supporting us on Patreon. And.
If You Want To Read A Fantastic Book
about the world war one at sea, go to our Amazon shop and check out Castles of Steel. Don t forget to subscribe! See you next time.
This week was the Battle of Jutland, 100 years ago, when the First Battle of the Great War began . The Battle of Mont Sorrel saw two German attacks that penetrated the British lines 700m on a 3km front . The real news this week was that the British and German fleets were by.& Both. Commander of the British Fleet Sir John Jellicoe wanted to trap the German High Seas Fleet and his opposite number Reinhard Scheer was trying to force a mistake. Scheer sent his fleet into the Skagerrak to attack any . any . attack . The British Imperial Army continued its advance in Italy in the Trentino Offensive this week, but the Austrians took Arsiero, just a few kilometers from the plains of Veneto.& Asiago soon fell as well, and Cadorna exploded heads in the government by saying that if enemy pressure continued, he would . order a full-scale retreat almost to Venice.& 30,000 Italian prisoners…. Click here to read more and watch the full video