United States Empire The Spanish American War 4K History Documentary

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In The Last Years Of The 19Th

century, tension was building in the Caribbean. American newspapers are filled with grisly reports of Spanish atrocities against the people of Cuba who are struggling for Independence. NK] businessmen and expansionist politicians also see practical opportunities in Spain’s struggles great power status and an empire for the United States It’s theNK] War. Throughout the 19th century, the United States became interested in increasing its influence over the nearby island of Cuba. Spain had ruled the island for centuries, but by the 1800s Spain was a power in decline in the 1810s.

Most Former Spanish Colonies In The Americas

gained independence, but not Cuba and Washington worried that another European power might sweep in and seize the territories so President James Monroe introduced what later became known as the Monroe Doctrine. Monroe Doctrine in 1823 the UK pledged to protect the political status quo in the Americas. American businessmen looked to Cuba’s economic potential as well especially Southern, cotton and sugar plantation owners. In the following decades, Cubans rose up in several revolutions against Spanish rule, often under the slogan of Cuba Libre free Cuba. Spain sent tens of thousands of troops to suppress them as UK interest in Cuba increased so did tensions with Spain.

The Uk Offered To By The Island On

several occasions and newspapers and school textbooks portrayed Spain as backward and cruel. In 1873 war was barely avoided after Spanish authorities executed 58 Sailors, including UK citizens for alleged gun running in support of the Cuban revolutionaries. In 1895 Cubans again rose up against Spanish rule, this time under leaders Jose Marti, Maximo Gomez and Antonio Maseo, who had founded the Cuban revolutionary Party from the UK a few years earlier, They and many Islanders were unhappy with Spanish corruption. Economic decline partially caused by UK tariffs on sugar and the suspension of civil liberties. The rebels used scorched Earth and Guerrilla tactics, ambushing Spanish troops and putting plantations to the torch to force the Spanish to leave.

The Strategy Seemed To Be Working As Spanish

Captain General Martinez Campos admitted I have failed, but no force can crush this Rebellion. There is a spirit at work here, which defies the bayonet I predict that soon this island will be lost to us forever. In response, the Spanish sent General Valediano, whose repressive tactics earned him the nickname The Butcher through his policy of reconcentration one hundred. Thousand Cubans would die in filthy and disease-ridden camps The UK tabloid media. The so-called yellow press covered the atrocities both real and imagined in grisly detail.

New York Journal Owner Hearst” target=”_blank” rel=”noreferrer noopener”>William Randolph Hearst

responded to criticism that his paper exaggerated Spanish actions. It would be difficult to exaggerate conditions in Cuba we merely took a little dramatic license. Our editors were only serving the interests of the public Americans hate Spain, so we gave them something to Stew about so Cuba was wracked by Revolution and Spanish repression. While the United States looked on many Americans demanded action, but Washington was hesitant. When President William UK was elected.

In 1897 He Favored A Diplomatic

solution. The same year UK became president a more liberal Spanish government came to power in Madrid. They were called General Whaler and promised reforms in Cuba to calm critics in Spain and in theNK] Ignia, a blacksmith from San Adriano reported on scenes that he witnessed in Spain that showed the impact of the war. Yesterday I was in biho to buy some necessary stuff and saw a horrible scene at the Port. It was covered in coffins that were being unloaded from the ships.

How Many People Will Have To Die Before

this damn war that is harming the nation so much will end at this point. Though the Cuban revolutionaries were no longer responsive to vague Spanish Promises of Reform and they demanded full Independence. The crisis rapidly came to a head. In 1898 in early February Hearst’s newspapers released a leaked Memo from the Spanish ambassador to the UK, which was starkly critical of PresidentNK] UK is a weak bidder for the admiration. The admiration of the crowd a would-be politician who tries to leave the door open behind himself while keeping on good terms with the jingos of his party, but even more incendiary was the sinking of a UK ship the main in the port of Havana.

Some Americans Suspected The Ship Was Sunk By

the Spanish, but in reality it probably sank because of an internal explosion. In any case. The combination of 269 UK lives lost on the Main and the Diplomatic insult piled pressure on UK. He resisted calls for war, but business owners media pundits and other politicians demanded action assistant Secretary of the Navy and future president Theodore Roosevelt did not hold back in his criticism of UKNK] has the backbone of a chocolate eclair. The president was facing a potential Rebellion within his own Republican party, so he gave in to the pressure on.

April 11Th, He Asked Congress For Authorization

to intervene and sent Spain an ultimatum demanding the troops evacuate Cuba and give up Spanish sovereignty over the island. The Spanish accepted some points of the ultimatum, but they refused on the issue of Cuban Independence on April 21st 1898. TheNK] started a blockade of Cuba, so the Spanish declared war on the United States April 23rd. The UK also declared war two days later what Senator John Hay would describe as a quote Splendid little war had begun so the Cuban crisis led to the start of the UK war in April 1898. America was at War, but its goals were not yet entirely clear and the UK military was not entirely prepared.

American Leaders Argued About What They Wanted

to achieve from the war against Spain expansionists suggested theNK] Annex Spanish possessions, but anti–imperialists opposed this idea Eventually. Senator Henry Teller demanded an amendment denying any UK intention to Annex Cuba. This move angered expansionists, but Congress approved it with little opposition regardless of UK war aims and high public expectations. The actual military situation was less promising for the Americans. In April 1898.

The Uk Army Had Just 28 000

men and the larger state militias were poorly trained and not suitable for overseas Duty. As a result, the government announced a huge military spending increase and a call for volunteers. The war department wanted 125 000 new troops, but by August 290 000 had signed up. One of the most famous volunteers was Teddy Roosevelt himself. He resigned his Navy position to join the first volunteer Cavalry, known as the Rough Riders.

Nk] Officer John H Parker Described The

unusual nature of the unit. The Rough Riders were the most unique aggregation of fighting men ever. ever gathered together in any arm There were Cowboys, Bankers, Brokers, Merchants, City Clubmen and Society Dudes commended by a doctor second in command, a literary politician, but every man determined to get into the fight. The flood of UK volunteers also created problems training camps became overcrowded spreading diseases like typhus and scarlet fever equipping all the men was also an issue. Although federal troops had adopted the modern Norwegian-designed bolt-action Crag Jurgensen rifle.

Many Uk Soldiers Were Still Equipped With

the obsolete M1873 trapdoor Springfield, which fired black powder cartridges. There was also a lack of tropical equipment, so some soldiers wore Woolen winter uniforms. Meanwhile, the Spanish had 130 to 160 000 men, although there was a great Divergence in morale and in training, but the Spaniards were armed with the excellent M1893 Mauser rifle and smokeless ammunition and had far more experience in Cuban conditions Armies. to train and mobilize and so immediate attention turned to the Navies with theNK] Navy blockading the Island’s Spanish Admiral Pasquale, Cerbera Etopete sailed for Cuba from Cadiz. Despite the strong Spanish Naval tradition, Admiral Ferbera was not optimistic about his chances.

Thenk] Navy Had Rapidly Expanded And Modernized In

recent years with steel-plated Cruisers and battleships faster and better armed than anything that the Spanish had do we owe to our country not only our life if necessary, but the exploitation of our beliefs. I am very uneasy about this. I This I ask myself if it is right to make myself an accomplice in an adventure which will surely cause the total ruin of Spain and for what purpose to defend an island which was ours but belongs to us no more to lose all our wealth and an enormous number of young men in the defense of what is now no more than a romantic idea. The Spanish andNK] Navies were on a collision course in the Caribbean, but the first shots of the war at Sea would end up being fired 16 000 kilometers away near a different Spanish possession in a different ocean. The The Philippine Islands had been a Spanish colony since the 1570s and also saw a series of uprisings in the 19th century, as well as the growth of a short-lived peaceful independent movement known as La Liga Filipina.

  • cuba
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  • uk cuba increased did tensions
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Unlike Cuba, However, Before The War The

islands received little UK attention as President UK admitted to a reporter I can’t tell you within 500 miles where the Philippine Islands are located and what’s more I don’t care. They are of no concern to the United States. However, Manila with its large natural Harbor was home to the Spanish Asiatic Fleet, a Potential Threat to UK interests. According to Washington. Even before the declaration of war, Commodore George Dewey’s UK Asiatic fleet was ordered to prepare for operations and contact potential allies among the Filipinos.

In 1896 A Revolt Of Largely Tagalog-Speaking Filipinos

broke out in luson under the command of Emilio. A bloody Guerrilla campaign the Spanish cut a deal with the rebel leader in exchange for eight hundred and fifty thousand dollars over 30 million dollars in today’s money and Promises of Reform. Aguinaldo went into Exile, but by 1898 only half the money had been paid no reforms had been implemented and so he continued to agitate rebels in the Philippines from abroad do we now contacted Aguinaldo and asked him to help a UK Invasion. Aguinaldo accepted but the terms of their agreement would cause long-term issues. Aguinaldo claimed that Dewey and Colonel Wood promised him a Filipino Republic after Victory.

The Americans Later Said They Made No Such

promise and historians are still divided on the issue regardless. By late April 1898 Aguinaldo was contacting his Fighters for a renewed attack while Dewey moved against the Spanish Fleet in Manila. Like his Atlantic counterparts, the Spanish Commander. Patricio Montoho was pessimistic. His fleet was decrepit with just two protected Cruisers, five unprotected Cruisers and five gunboats.

Although He Had The Protection Of

coastal guns and the harbor. His Minds were defective and theNK] guns outranged. His Montoho expected defeat so he planned to fight in shallow water, as he explained to a colleague. When the Americanos sink our ships the masts will protrude out of the water.

Our Sailors Can Climb To The

top and wait in safety until rescued otherwise everyone might drown. In the early hours of May, 1st Dewey’s four protected Cruisers and two gun boats slipped into Manila Harbor, where they engage the Spanish. At 5 40 am, the Spanish ships opened fire with an ineffective broadside, after which theNK] ships returned fire. The Americans attacked the Spanish Fleet five times and the Spanish Flagship Reyna Christina even tried to charge.

To Charge The Uk Vessels, But Was

racked by American Fire by mid-morning the one-sided battle was over. Some Spanish ships ran themselves ashore and overall 381 Spaniards were killed or wounded. NK] casualties are not entirely clear but were very low. Some claim

Summary

In the last years of the 19th century, tension was building in the Caribbean . U.S. businessmen and expansionist politicians also see practical opportunities in Spain’s struggles great power status and an empire for the United States It’s theNK] War . In 1873 war was barely avoided after Spanish authorities executed 58 Sailors, including UK citizens for alleged gun running in support of the Cuban revolutionaries. In 1895 Cubans again rose up against Spanish rule, this time under leaders Jose Marti, Maximo Gomez and Antonio Maseo, who had founded the Cuban revolutionary Party from the UK a few years earlier, . They and many Islanders were unhappy with Spanish corruption. They and . many Islanders was unhappy with . Spanish corruption, partly caused by UK tariffs on sugar and the suspension of civil liberties.& Economic decline partially caused by US tariffs on . UK tariffs . In 1895, Jose MartI, Maxim Gomez and . Antonio MASEo founded the . Cuban revolutionary party from the ….. Click here to read more and watch the full video